Endometriosis is a painful women’s health disorder in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus.
In normal function, your uterine tissue grows, breaks down, and bleeds, then exits during your menstrual cycle. For those who have endometriosis, the uterine tissue acts the same, and can grow in and on other organs or tissues. This can cause cysts, adhesions, and scar tissue to form.
Endometriosis can be especially painful during menstrual cycles and could affect fertility.
Symptoms of Endometriosis
- Fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods
- Pain during intercourse
- Painful periods (persists days into your cycle)
- Excessive bleeding during your period or spotting between periods
- Pain during bowel movements
Diagnosis of endometriosis is done by a laparoscopy and tissue samples. Other testing will be done prior to this, which could include an ultrasound, biopsy, or hysteroscopy.
Treatment of Endometriosis
Depending on the severity and consistency of symptoms, your provider may prescribe medications, hormone replacement, or surgery.